40 Fiscal Policy Approaches for Recover Forward
Sustainable Public Procurement



Public Procurement


Advisory Approaches and Policy Brief


In recent years, global sustainability efforts have intensified. Governments worldwide acknowledge the need to address environmental and social challenges. One effective approach to bring about positive change in this regard is sustainable public procurement (SPP).


SPP entails public authorities considering environmental, social, and economic factors in their purchases, aiming to minimize environmental harm, boost social well-being, and support economic growth. SPP spans the entire product life cycle, from extraction to disposal, to reduce resource use, greenhouse gases, and waste. SPP’s impact potential is immense, given government spending reached $13 trillion in 2019, about 15% of global GDP. By enhancing procurement wisely, governments can advance sustainable development, bolstering transparency and efficiency.


German development cooperation’s recent study identifies ways to support SPP in partner countries, aligning with UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It focuses on policies, laws, institutions, individuals, and data, using stakeholder input, data analysis, and case studies. This practical approach outlines phased implementation, ensuring systematic integration of SPP. Cooperation models offer flexibility: single activities, sequential steps, or long-term projects. The study is accompanied by a policy brief that links SPP to the current four priority areas of German development cooperation.